How did coffee appear in Vietnam?

Coffee was brought to Vietnam for the first time in 1875. The Arabica variety was brought by the French from Bourton Island to the North, then spread to the central provinces such as Quang Tri and Bo Trach... After being harvested and processed under the brand "Arabica du Tonkin", coffee shall be imported to France. After occupying our country, the French colonies established coffee plantations such as Chinê, Xuan Mai, and Son Tay, they cultivated under method of shifting cultivation so that productivity was low and decreased from 400-500 kg / ha in the early years to 100 - 150 kg / ha as the latter. In order to improve the situation, the French introduced into our country two new varieties, C. Robusta and C. mitcharichia, in 1908 to replace, the new plantations located in the North such as Ha Tinh (1910), Yen My (1911, Thanh Hoa), Nghia Dan (1915, Nghe An). The largest period (1946 - 1966) reached 13,000 ha. In 1925, for the first time, it was planted in the Central Highlands, after liberating the country's coffee area of about 20,000 ha, thanks to international capital support, coffee trees were gradually paid attention. By 1980, the area was 23,000 ha, export was over 6000 tons. The pure plan was set up in 1980, targeting the Vietnamese coffee sector covering around 180,000 ha with an output of 200,000 tonnes. After that, the plan was revised several times. The highest number ceased at 350 thousand ha with output of 450 thousand tons (VICOFA, 2002).

 

The Hoarfrost 1994 in Brazil destroyed much of coffee area of this country, together with the lasting drought in 1997, it caused a sharp fall in world supplies, a sharp increase in prices encourgaed the expansion of coffee area in Vietnam, investment in intensive cultivation, specialized cultivation,... thanks to that, area and output increased rapidly, average of 23.9% / year, bringing the total area of coffee in 2000 up to 516.7 thousand ha, accounting for 4.14% of the total planted area of Vietnam, ranked the third only after two staple food crops (accounting for 61.4%) and maize (accounting for 5.7% ). In the 1990s of 20th centuary, output increased by more than 20% per year (and in 1994, 1995, 1996, the output was even higher with rates of 48.5%, 45.8% and 33% in succession). In 2000, Vietnam had about 520 thousand ha of coffee, total output reached 800 thousand tons. Compared with 1980, Vietnam's coffee area in 2000 increased by 23 times and its output increased by 83 times. The level of output and area far exceeded all previous plans and the speculation of national and

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